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Полынь пустынная, белая (Artemisia herba-alba Asso) - 100% натуральное эфирное масло
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Botanical Name: Artemisia herba-alba Asso
Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil
Plant Part: Leaves
Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery. Always dilute.
Note: Top to Middle Note
Aroma Families: Green, Medicinal, Herbal
Aroma: Powerful, very fresh, cool, highly diffusive, bittersweet-camphoraceous with soft green undertones and a pleasant, sweet herbaceous and tea-like drydown.
Contraindications: Do not use with small children, elders, epileptics, pregnant and/or nursing women. Please see further cautions in Safety Considerations below.
Monoterpenes (8.98%): camphene5.50para-cymene1.47α-phellandrene0.54α-terpinene0.35tricyclene0.30α-fenchene0.29terpinolene0.27γ-terpinene0.26
Monoterpenols (2.51%): trans-pinocarveol0.97borneol0.92myrtenol0.38α-terpineol0.19cis-piperitol0.05
Sesquiterpenes (1.56%): germacrene D0.70bicyclogermacrene0.40δ-cadinene0.23α-muurolene0.12α-copaene0.11
Sesquiterpenols (4.02%): other sesquiterpenols3.56lyratol0.46
Aliphatic Aldehydes (0.46%): myrtenal0.46
Ketones (77.94%): β-thuyone58.56α-thuyone14.24camphor3.71other ketones0.70terpenic ketone mw=1520.47pinocarvone0.26
Oxides (4.64%): 1,8-cineole4.64
Esters (4.18%): lavandulyl acetate1.10cis-3-hexenyl ester0.87bornyl acetate0.85other esters0.45terpinyl acetate0.27methacrylic ester0.26chrysanthenyl acetate0.26artemisyl acetate0.12
Therapeutic Benefits of Mugwort
Analgesic, Anti-anxiety, Anti-depressant, Anti-parasitic, Calming, Carminative, Cephalic, Circulatory stimulant, Diuretic, Emmenagogic, Nervine, Stimulant, Uterine tonic, Vermifuge
Contraindications (all routes): Pregnancy, breastfeeding. Maximum adult daily oral dose: 56 mg Maximum dermal use level: 2% 5
Tisserand and Young Safety: Our oral and dermal restrictions are based on 20.8% camphor and 11.4% α-thujone content with limits of 2.0 mg/ kg and 4.5% for camphor and 0.1 mg/ kg and 0.25% for thujone
Wildcrafted Armoise (Mugwort) Essential Oil
Artemisia herba-alba is a specific Artemisia species indigenous to Morocco that provides the essential oil known as Armoise (Mugwort). Ours has a very fresh, cool, soft green, sweet-camphoraceous aroma that is highly diffusive in much the same way as Peppermint, however while the aroma has a very penetrating initial effect, this subsides after a few minutes of exposure to air. In natural perfumery, Armoise can be used in trace amounts to provide 'lift' to top note accords; to add a fresh, green, naturalness; and to accentuate other green notes such as Galbanum, Common and White Sage, Rosemary, etc.
Armoise is helpful in stressful/emotional situations when used in very highly diluted (0.25 percent1) topical applications. Several monoterpene ketones, including camphor (borneone) and alpha- and beta-thujone2, are the source of this oil’s important contributions to respiratory support. It should be noted that due to the fact that it contains appreciable amounts of ketones, Armoise essential oil must be used with great care and respect. Please see Safety Considerations below for further information.
For information regarding the aromatherapeutic attributes of Armoise (Mugwort) essential oil, please see:
L'Aromathérapie Exactement, Pierre Franchomme and Dr. Daniel Pénoël, 1990, p. 327.
Aromatherapy Workbook (revised edition), Marcel Lavabre, 1997, p. 75.
Essential Oils – A Handbook for Aromatherapy Practice, Jennifer Peace Rhind, 2012, pp. 146-7.
Fragrance and Wellbeing – Plant Aromatics and Their Influence on the Psyche, Jennifer Peace Rhind, 2014, pp. 253-5.
The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils, Julia Lawless, 2013, pp. 141-2.
375 Essential Oils and Hydrosols, Jeanne Rose, 1995, pp. 50-1.
The Aromatherapy Book – Applications & Inhalations, Jeanne Rose, 1992, p. 117.
"Essential Oil Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Artemisia herba-alba Asso Grown in Algeria," S Lakehal, MA Benmimoune, et al., Med Chem (Los Angeles), 2016, 6(6): 435-439, DOI: 10.4172/2161-0444.1000382, https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/essential-oil-composition-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-artemisia-herbaalba-asso-grown-in-algeria-2161-0444-1000382.pdf
Aromatic Profile: Powerful, very fresh, cool, highly diffusive, bittersweet-camphoraceous with soft green undertones and a pleasant, sweet herbaceous and tea-like drydown.
Appearance: Colorless, slightly oily, transparent, very mobile liquid.
Use: Aromatherapy, Natural Perfumery.
Blending Suggestions: Highly dilute and add drop by drop to your blends until the desired effect is achieved.
Blends Well With: Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Galbanum, Juniper Berry, Lavandin, Oakmoss, Patchouli, Pine, Rosemary, Sage. "The 'greenness' in odor type…of this oil makes it an interesting item for chypres, fougères, forest notes, after-shave colognes, etc."3 It has been used in modern compositions in masculine chypre/leathery and woody oriental fragrances, and paired with Juniper Berry in green accords.4
Safety Considerations: Thujone (a neurotoxic ketone) shows evidence of a cumulative effect that can result in convulsions5, therefore we recommend short-term (less than 7 days) or occasional topical use only in very low dilution (no more than 0.25 percent6). Do not use with small children, elders, epileptics, pregnant and/or nursing women. Dilute before using. A patch test should be performed before use for those with sensitive skin.
1 Tisserand, Robert and Rodney Young. Essential Oil Safety, 2nd ed., 2014, pp. 474-5, 641.
3 Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin, 1960, p. 74.
4 Rhind, Jennifer Peace. Fragrance and Wellbeing – Plant Aromatics and Their Influence on the Psyche, 2014, p. 254.
5 Tisserand, Robert and Rodney Young. Essential Oil Safety, 2nd ed., 2014, p. 639.
Approx. Shelf Life: 5-6 years
Artemisia herba-alba, the white wormwood, is a perennial shrub in the genus Artemisia that grows commonly on the dry steppes of the Mediterranean regions in Northern Africa (Saharan Maghreb), Western Asia (Arabian Peninsula) and Southwestern Europe. It is used as an antiseptic and antispasmodic in herbal medicine.
Essential oil of A. herba-alba, from the Sinai Desert, contains mainly 1,8-cineole and appreciable amounts of α- / β-thujone as well as other oxygenated monoterpenes including terpinen-4-ol, camphor and borneol. Davanone, chrysanthenone and cis-chrysanthenol have been described as major constituents in some populations of A. herba-alba from Morocco and Spain. Less common non-head-to-tail monoterpene alcohols have been identified in some populations from Negev desert, such as santolina alcohol and yomogi alcohol.
Several sesquiterpene lactones were found in the aerial parts of A. herba-alba. Mainly, eudesmanolides and germacranolides types were reported in most cases. A variety of flavonoids were also described mainly with methylated ( i.e. patuletin ) and O-methylated ( i.e. hispidulin, cirsilineol ) aglycones. The presence of C-glycosides ( i.e. isovitexin, schaftoside, isoschaftoside ) is also noticeable.
This species of sagebrush is widely used in herbal medicine for its antiseptic, vermifuge and antispasmodic properties. Artemisia herba-alba was reported as a traditional remedy of enteritis, and various intestinal disturbances, among the Bedouins in the Negev desert. Based on laboratory assays, essential oil showed antibacterial activity, as well as, antispasmodic activity on rabbits and cytotoxic effect on cancer cells.
Artemisia herba-alba based teas were used in Iraqi folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. An aqueous extract of aerial parts of the plant has shown a hypoglycemic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits and mice.
Artemisia herba-alba is thought to be the plant translated as "wormwood" in English-language versions of the Bible (apsinthos in the Greek text). Wormwood is mentioned seven times in the Jewish Bible, always with the implication of bitterness. Wormwood is mentioned once in the New Testament, as the name of a star, also with implications of bitterness.
Artemisia herba alba (Asteraceae), commonly known as desert or white wormwood, is used in folk medicine for treatment of various diseases. Phytochemical studies of this plant revealed the existence of many beneficial compounds such as herbalbin, cis-chryanthenyl acetate, flavonoids (hispidulin and cirsilineol), monoterpenes, sesquiterpene. The aerial parts are characterized by a very low degree of toxicity. This study reviews the main reports of the pharmacological and toxicological properties of Artemisia herba alba in addition to the main constituents. It would appear that this plant exhibits many beneficial properties. Further studies are warranted to more integrate this popular plant in human health care system.